• Published Papers
  • Open Access
  • Corrosion of Basic Refractories in Contact with Cement Clinker and Kiln Hot Meal
  • DOI: 10.4236/msce.2014.210003   PP.16 - 25, Pub. Date: October 28 , 2014
  • Author(s)
  • Jacek Szczerba, Ilona Jastrzębska, Zbigniew Pędzich, Mirosław M. Bućko
  • This paper investigates the new phases formation in the magnesia-spinel, magnesia-zirconia-cal- cia and magnesia-hercynite refractory products as a result of their reaction with kiln hot meal and cement clinker (both rich in SO3 and Cl ions) at the temperature range 1200°C - 1450?C. The labor- atory corrosion tests were conducted by means of pulverous method and by special coating test. The phase identity of the products as well as the mixes after corrosion tests was established by powder X-ray diffraction method. The microstructure development of the contact zones between coating and the products were studied using scanning electron microscopy SEM with EDS spectroscopy. The differences in the reactions proceeding between the phases of the test bricks and the phases of kiln hot meal and cement clinker in dependence on the temperatures have been discussed.

  • Corrosion, Refractories, Clinker, CaZrO3, MgO, FeAl2O4
  • References
  • [1] Kurdowski, W. (1991) “Chemia cementu”—“Chemistry of Cement” (in Polish), Scientific Publishing PWN, Warszawa, p. 27.

    [2] Szczerba, J. (2005) “Ceramika”—Ceramics” (in Polish), 88, p. 110.

    [3] Kühl, H. (1951) “Zement Chemie”—“Chemistry of Cement”. Verlag Technik Gmbh Berlin.

    [4] Lea, F.M. (1972) The Chemistry of Cement and Concrete. Chemical Publ. Comp. Inc., New York.

    [5] Bartha, P. (2004) Refractories Manual—Special Edition. InterCeram, 53, 14.

    [6] Szczerba, J. (1997) “Materia?y Ogniotrwa?e”—“Refractory Materials” (in Polish). 49 [2], p. 59.

    [7] Ohno, M., Tokunaga, K., Tsuchiya, Y., Mizuno, Y. and Kozuka, H. (2003) Proceedings UNITECR’03, p. 27.

    [8] Bogue, R.H. (1955) The Chemistry of Portland Cement. Rinhold Publ. Corp., New York.

    [9] Szczerba, J. (2006) “Materia?y Ceramiczne”—“Ceramic Materials” (in Polish), 58 [1], p. 6.

    [10] Szczerba, J. (2010) Chemical Corrosion of Basic Refractories by Cement Kiln Materials. Ceramics International, 36, 1877-1885. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2010.03.019

    [11] Liu, G., Li, N., Yan, W., Tao, G. and Li, Y. (2012) Composition and Structure of a Composite Spinel Made from Magnesia and Hercynite. Journal of Ceramic Processing Research, 13, 480-485.

    [12] Kapralik, I. and Hanic, F. (1964) Transaction of British Ceramic Society, 79, 128.

    [13] Turriziani, R. and Massazza, F. (1966) Annali di Chimica, 56, 1180.

    [14] Polesnig, W. and Zednicek, W. (1984) InterCeram, 33, 49.

    [15] Woerman, E., Hahn, T. and Eysel, W. (1965) American Ceramic Society Bulletin, 44, 299.

    [16] Guinier, A. and Regourd, M. (1968) Proceedings of the 5th ICCC, Tokyo, I, p. 1.

    [17] Regourd, M. and Guinier, A. (1974) Proceedings of the 6th ICCC, Moscow, I, p. 25.

    [18] Ghosh, S.N. (1980) Proceedings of the 7th ICCP, Paris, II, II-18.

    [19] Woerman, E., Hahn, T. and Eysel, W. (1965) American Ceramic Society Bulletin, 44, p. 299.

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