Prof. Sharif Maraghi
Prof. Sharif Maraghi
Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Title: Dirofilariasis in Iran
S. Maraghi1, S. M.Sadjjadi2 
1-Institute of Health Research Center, Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy Research Center.Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center.Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
2- Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Dirofilariasis is a worldwide mosquito born zoonotic disease caused by species of the genus Dirofilaria in a wide range of carnivores, especially dogs and cats are the known as definitive and humans act as accidental hosts. Among all Dirofilaria species, the most relevant are D. immitis and D. (Nochtiella) repens due to their severe pathological effects and their high prevalence and incidence. Transmission of the parasites occur through blood sucking female mosquitoes. D. immitis produces both canine and feline cardiopulmonary dirofilariasis, whereas D. repens causes both canine and feline subcutaneous dirofilariasis. In addition, D. immitis and D. repens are responsible for human pulmonary and subcutaneous/ocular dirofilariasis, respectively, throughout the world.D. immitis is more present in areas with temperature and tropical climates. There are also reports on existence of heartworm in Jakals in in some European countries. In Iran, D. immitis has been reported in canids from different parts of the country and in human as case reports. D. repens are reported from human in various parts of the world. The first human case of dirofilariasis due to D. repens in Iran has been reported from north of the country in 1995 and till now many cases of subcutaneous and ocular dirofilariasi in humans have been reported from different regions of Iran. Human ocular onchocerciasis caused by Onchocercalupi also has been reported from Iran. Incidental detection of imported case of LF due to Wuchereriabancrofti in an Indian worker in Iran has also been reported. 
Keywords: Dirofilarisimmitis,Dirofilariarepens,Dirofilariasis, heartworm

Sharif Maraghi is a Professor of Parasitology in Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Iran. He has completed his Ph. D from Salford University in England. He had the opportunity to be a research fellow at Salford University. He authored and co- authored over 8o papers in national and international Journals and more than 70 research work presented in national and international conferences. He also wrote and translated 7 books in the field of Parasiotology. He is a member of editorial board of several journals including Iranian Veterinary Journal and Iranian Journal of Parasitology. He has supervised more than 35 M. Sc and Ph. D theses.