• Published Papers
  • Open Access
  • Water Scrubbing for Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) Inbiogas from Hog Farms
  • DOI: 10.4236/jacen.2014.32B001   PP.1 - 6, Pub. Date: May 2 , 2014
  • Author(s)
  • Cheng-Chang Lien, Jeng-Lian Lin, Ching-Hua Ting
  • ABSTRACT
  • Biogas from anaerobic digestion of biological wastes is a renewable energy resource. H2S in biogas may cause corrosion or other damage to engines if it is not removed from the gas before utilization. Because the solubility of H2S in water is higher than methane, water can be used as an adsorbent to remove H2S from biogas. A simple water scrubbing column to reduce the H2S content was designed in this study. The biogas purification process took place in the scrubbing column with water where the gas was continuously fed from the bottom of the column through the diffuser which could produce bubbles. The biogas bubbles and the water can accelerate the reaction inside the column. The water in the column was circulated by means of a pump. H2S content in raw biogas was about 6000 ppm. First, the efficiencies of H2S removal for different biogas flow rate and water level were conducted at 30 and 90 sec. Second, the efficiencies of H2S removal with water recycling system were induced. The results showed that the concentration of H2S in biogas decreased significantly with water level and increased with biogas flow rate through the water scrubbing. It was an effective technique for removing H2S in a short operation time, but absorption capability of water declined rapidly with time. To maintain high absorption rate, water scrubbing after adsorption needed to be replaced or regenerated. The water scrubbing system is a simplest and cheapest method. This work is investigated the feasibility of water scrubbing system and its application to a small hog farm.

  • KEYWORDS
  • Biogas; Hydrogen Sulphide; Water Scrubber
  • References
  • [1] M?ller, H.B., Sommer, S.G. and Ahring, B.K. (2004) Methane Productivity of Manure, Straw and Solid Fractions of Manure. Biomass and Bioenergy, 26, 485-495. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2003.08.008

    [2] Monteny, G.J., Groenestein, C.M. and M.A. (2001) Interactions and Coupling between Emissions of Methane and Nitrous Oxide from Animal Husbandry. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 60, 123-132. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1012602911339

    [3] Pipatmanomai, S., Kaewluan, S. and Vitidsant, T. (2009) Economic Assessment of Biogas-to-Electricity Generation System with H2S Removal by Activated Carbon in Small Pig Farm. Applied Energy, 86, 669-674. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2008.07.007

    [4] Zhou, J.B., Jiang, M.M. and Chen, G.Q. (2007) Estimation of Methane and Nitrous Oxide Emission from Livestock and Poultry in China during 1949-2003. Energy Policy, 35, 3759-3767. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2007.01.013

    [5] Berglund, M. and B?rjesson, P. (2003) Energianaly-savbiog as System. Rapport 44. Milj?-ochenergisystem, Lundstekniskah?gskola.

    [6] Ross, C.C., Drake, T.J. and Walsh, J.L. (1996) Handbook of Biogas Utilization, 2nd. SERBEP, c/o General Bioenergy, Florence, AL.

    [7] Tchobanoglous, G., Burton, F.L. and Stensel, H.D. (2003) Wastewater Engineering. Treatment and Reuse, 4th Edition, McGraw-Hill Companies, New York, NY, USA, 1505-1532.

    [8] Monteith, H., Béland, M. and Parker, W. (2005) Assessment of Economic Viability of Digester Gas Cogeneration at Canada’s Largest Wastewater Treatment Plants. CD of Proceedings of the 34th Water Environment Association of Ontario Annual Conference, Huntsville, ON.

    [9] Gabriel, D. and Deshusses, A.M. (2003) Retrofitting Existing Chemical Scrubbers to Biotrickling Filters for H2S Emission Control. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 100, 6308-6312.

    [10] Cha, J.M., Cha, W.S. and Lee, J.H. (1999) Removal of Organo-Sulphur Odor Compounds by Thi-obacillus novellas SRM, Sulphur-Oxidizing Microorganisms. Process Biochemistry, 34, 659-665. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0032-9592(98)00139-3

    [11] Lantela, J., Rasi, S., Lehtinen, J. and Rintala, J. (2012) Landfill Gas Upgrading with Pilot-Scale Water Scrubber: Performance Assessment with Absorption Water Recycling. Applied Energy, 92, 307-314. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.10.011


Registration
  • Countdown
  • 0 days
FaceBook   Twitter   Linkedin   Skype   Sina
Important Dates
Conference:
April 14-16, 2015
Paper or Abstract Submission Due:
December 11, 2014  >> February 16, 2015
Early Bird Registration due for Accepted Paper or Abstract: 10 days after acceptance notification
Early Bird Registration due for Audience: February 13, 2015
Contact Us
Tel : +86 151 7233 0844
QQ: 741494290
3025797047
Linkedin: SCET Conference
Sponsors
武汉大学
  • Engii
  • OA Library
  • SRP
  • NDBPRC
  • 1000Thinktank
Past Conference: SCET 2014
Past Proceedings: SCET2014
Copyright © 2015 Engineering Information Institute. All rights reserved.
Close
Open