Professor Nanak Kakwani was a visiting scholar at IPEA in Brazil in 2014 working on social policies in BRICS countries. He was the Principal Researcher for one year (January 2005 to November 2006) and Director/Chief Economist for two years (January 2003 to January 2006) at the UNDP’s International Poverty Centre in Brasilia Brazil. Before joining IPC, he had been Professor for 30 years at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia. His research areas include poverty, inequality, pro-poor growth, taxation, social policies, human development (MDG), etc. He has published more than 100 articles in international journals and 5 books, one by Cambridge University Press, one by Oxford University Press and two jointly edited books (with Jacques Silber) by Palgrave Macmillan. He was elected as fellow of Australian Research Committee of Social Science. He was also awarded Mahalanobis gold medal for outstanding contribution in quantitative economics. He is on the advisory board of the Journal of Economic Inequality. He has been visiting professor at many universities and consultant to the World Bank, UNDP and the Asian Development Bank.