Conference >>


For Participants >>



Prof. Shunit Reiter
University of Haifa, Israel
Meaningful learning in Special Education, teaching based on the Cycle of Internalized Learning, CIL: A review of research

Meaningful learning applies the active involvement of the learner / student in whatever is learnt. It is based on a holistic approach to the learner, calling for his/her cognitive, emotional and behavioral attention. It is also holistic in the sense that it takes into account the ecological status of the leaner, his family ties, the neighborhood where he live, his formal milieu be it a school, a social club, place of work etc., his ethnic and national background. In holistic teaching the learner is perceived as a person – a subject who is undergoing development, not as an object who is called upon to learn by rote data that will be assessed in tests and scores. The Cycle of Internalized Learning - CIL model (Reiter, 2008) was established on the premises that individuals with disabilities are highly influenced by their environment, the inseparable connection between the disability and the environment as well as the three levels of social behavior: the operative – what, the cultural normative – when and the moral – why. The CIL, founded on humanistic philosophy, applies to people as a whole, and specifically to people with disabilities. Its premise states that individuals possess cognitive and rational ability and are capable of introspection based on their understanding of their surroundings and are capable of gaining an insight into their own motives. They are thus responsible for their behavior, can regulate it and can critically evaluate the outcome of their behavior and make, if necessary, changes. The CIL focuses on personal progression and development. 

The present paper will review several research studies that applied the CIL model as the guidelines for intervention programs followed by statistical evaluations. 

Dr. Pnina Shavit - The effect of the learning environment on nurturing self-determination and enhancing quality of life among students with intellectual disabilities: a comparison between two educational methods. 

Dr. Nirit karni - Verbal violence among children with intellectual developmental disabilities: the application of an intervention program based on the CIL in order to change the culture of verbal discourse. 

Dr. Itay Hess - Students with visual impairments and the Humanistic paradigm:– a Program for Enhancing Self Esteem among Students with Visual Impairments and Blindness. 

Dr. Yonat Ivzori - Career Education and Vocational Transition Program for students with Intellectual Disabilities. Prof. Shunit Reiter, Dafna Ram, Penina Gehlbart, Iris Dramer - A novel model of integration and inclusion between two schools, a special education and a regular education school, sharing joint programs while keeping each its unique identity.* 

Dr. Naomi Schreuer; Prof. Shunit Reiter; Dr, Dalia Sachs & Yonat Ivzori. A Career, Education and Vocational Transition Program:"SUccessful Pathways to Employment for youth at Risk (SUPER)". A 3-years research project (2014-2016) funded by the Milgrom Family Fund and the University of Chicago, Chicago IL, U.S.A 

Reiter, S. (2008). Disability from a humanistic perspective: Towards a better quality of life. New York: Nova Science Publishers Book Series: Health and Human Development.

Dr. Shunit Reiter has been professor of Special Education, Faculty of Education at Haifa University since 1976 until her retirement in 2013. Professor Reiter has been a leader, mentor, teacher, author of more than 100 articles and several books, and researcher both throughout Israel and internationally. She has made major contributions to the implementation of the concept of quality of life in special education in Israel. The teaching model she designed (i.e., the Cycle of Internalized Learning (CIL) is the major curriculum guidelines for special education and inclusive schools in Israel. CIL has been recently applied in regular education as well. She was significant in starting academic courses at the University of Haifa for students with intellectual and development disabilities. In collaboration with Dr. Bryen, (Emerita of Temple University, Philadelphia, U.S.A) the issue of violence was introduced in Israel leading to changes in policy, development of practical materials, and research. She has been an active participant in international conferences in different roles such as a member and head of academic organizing committees, chairperson of sessions and symposia, presenter of research and invited speaker. Apart from participation in international conferences all over the globe, her international contribution includes also teaching in two special seminars one at the University of Education of Hanoi, Vietnam, the other in India. In Vietnam she gave two advanced in the years 2003 & 2004 for over 60 participants from all over Vietnam (she was sent as a special expert by the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs). In 2006 she was an invited speaker on the Cycle of Internalized Learning (CIL) at the Institute of Cerebral Palsy, Calcutta, India for a two weeks special seminar . Participants were both the staff of the center and members with cerebral palsy. Nowadays, as an Emerita she continues her academic work especially doing research, writing, and academic advise.
Home | About Engii | Contact Us
Copyright © 2007 - 2015 Engineering Information Institute. All rights reserved.